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Name

KAALIJÄRV

StatusConfirmed
Country Estonia
CoordinatesLat. N 58°22'22" Long.E 22°40'09"
Diameter km 0.11
Age Ma or date 0.00324 ±0.000011
Synonyms Estonia, Kaali craters, Kaalijärv, Oesel, Saaremaa Island, Sall
Remarks Meteorite Kaalijärv (Og IAB iron). These craters was known already in early 1800's but it was 1927 when meteoritic origin of these craters were established.

Most recent dating for Kaalijärv is 3240±11 BP (Losiak et.al. 2015). It is a C14 dating from charcoal emplaced with proximal ejecta blanket just outside from the crater rim. Which is probably the ideal material for C14 dating. Source of charcoal was identified as spruce branches. Which also confirms that the impact happened on land.

Coordinates are for the main crater.
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References
CoM 1985 Graham, Bevan and Hutchison, ''Catalogue of Meteorites'', 4th Edition, (1985).
Dietz 1967 Dietz R.S., abs. in Meteoritics, vol.3, p.108 (1967)
Hodge 1994 Hodge, Paul W., ''Meteorite craters and impact structures of the Earth'', book, 122 pp, Cambridge University Press (1994)
Losiak et.al. 2015 Losiak A., Wild E.M., Huber M.S., Wisniowski T., Paavel K., Jõeleht A., Välja R., Plado J., Kriiska A., Wilk J., Zanetti M., Geppert W.D., Kulkov A., Steier P. and Pirkovic I. "Dating Kaali crater (Estonia) based on charcoal emplaced within proximal ejecta blanket. Abstract 1264, 46th LPSC (2015)
Meri 1976 Meri L., ''Hõbevalge'' (in Estonian), Eesti Raamat, Tallinn, Estonia, 488 pp. (1976)
Rasmussen 2000 Rasmussen K. L., Aaby B. and Gwozdz R., MAPS 35 (2000)
Reinvaldt 1933 Reinvaldt J.A., Publication 30, University of Tartu (1933)
The Kalevala ''The Kalevala'', The Finnish National Epic, the first edition 1849 edited by E. Lönnrot
UoT 1999 University of Tartu, ''Collection of publications about Kaalijärvi craters: Kaali Craters Selected Literature'' (1999)
Veski 2001 Veski S., Heinsalu A., Kirsimäe K., Poska A. and Saarse L., MAPS 36 (2001)
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